Earth in 2100: A Look into the Future

A quiet night in a small human colony, enlightened by the faint luminosity of glittering stars on the clear sky, echoing the howls of wild wolves; half-naked men, women and children lying on bed of leaves, not known to any gadget but small stony armaments.

This panorama carries us to Stone Age, some 2.5 million years back. If a man from this very scenario is carried through the veils of passing time and is left on the 32nd floor of a business center in the mega-city of New York, he would probably get mad at the sight of the absolutely transformed world; rushing vehicles, roaring machines and eye-glaring lights. It sums up the odyssey of human race from caves to luxurious apartments and from fire lamps to glittering lights of the 21st century.

The world has gone through tremendous changes over the centuries. Let’s take a look at some of the areas where the developments have been pivotal in shaping the world to what it is today. The developments in these very areas can be helpful in predicting what the next century is bringing to our future generations.


One of the most prominent change that this globe is undergoing with every passing moment is the rise of temperature. Already the Co2 level in the atmosphere is so high that even if its production and fossil fuel combustion ceases at this stage, the globe may continue to warm up for another century. The temperature is expected to rise up to 3.6°C by 2100. This means that:

  • A huge part of Middle East and Africa may become uninhabitable due to high temperatures.
  • Sea level may rise by 2 to 3 meters flooding many coastal areas. Maldives Island among others is also feared to sink as a result of environmental change.
  • Greenland will have no trace of ice in the following century. Currently, 80% of it is covered by a vast body of ice.
  • The environmental changes of such degree can cause a mass migration of over 4 million people.
  • Population

    Earth is crowded with more than 7.3 billion people and with the current increasing rate, it is expected to hit 9.7 billion in 2050 and 11.2 billion in 2100. We will also need more resources to feed and provide respectable living to the growing population.

    It requires collective pondering by the international community; whether the world resources are growing in proportion to the size of the population.

    Most of the third world and the developing countries are struggling to provide basic amenities to their people and to balance the population size to the resources available.

    It is predicted that about 5 billion people will be living in water-stressed areas by 2100.


    Necessity is the mother of invention. Increasing food requirements will stimulate the food technologists to create efficient food sources. They include single cell proteins and shelf farms which are expected to become common in the next century.


  • AI and Robotics is already taking over the modern jobs. In 2100, artificial intelligence will have developed at a much higher level; human memories “uploaded’’ into a robot’s mind will enable them to think and take decisions as well. There are already fears of robo-invasion and this will be a challenge to grapple with in the future.
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics will be more understood. Scientists hope to achieve the milestones of creating space-elevators and sending missions to Mars as well. Human colonies will be set on Moon and space-travel will become more common.
  • Transportation

    Lead-free fuels are already being banned. Germany, India, the Netherlands and some other countries will have already introduced electric vehicles. In 2100, these electric vehicles will be more common, expecting to reduce the levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.



  • Like many other fields, medical field will also be revolutionized. Stem cell treatment will be at much advanced stage and blood produced in this way will be commercially available.
  • Nano-robots will be used to treat the abnormalities at cellular level.
  • Genetic engineering and gene therapy will be a common trend and gene-selection in human fetus will be available as well.
  • My Take on This:

    We may have made great strides in the field of science and technology, but the society is experiencing degeneration at various levels. Material achievements are meaningless if the future generations are not inculcated with high standards of humanity and care.

    We are human beings and our dignity does not lie in the modernity of our life, but the quality of our character. Let’s take out time to enliven the latent spirit of humanity from within ourselves. This will make this globe a place worth-living, regardless of what the times we may be living in!


    By Tuaseen Kalsoom She is an ambitious 16 years old girl from Chakwal; a book-worm, science enthusiast, speaker and a passionate writer. She is a Bronze Medalist at IJSO 2017 from Pakistan and winner of many national awards in science and writing.